Assessing The Costs Of Adapting To
Sea-Level Rise: A Case Study Of San Francisco Bay
By Peter H. Gleick and Edwin P. Maurer
[Web posted 3/23/04, originally published 4/18/90]
Note: See 2012 update on San Francisco Bay Sea-Level Rise here.
One of the direct consequences of climatic changes will
be a rise in sea level due to the melting of land ice
and the expansion of the upper layers of the ocean as
they warm. This study looks at the potential costs to
society of protecting against an increase in sea level,
and applies this method to the San Francisco Bay area
-- a region of great ecological diversity, economic importance,
Effects of rising sea levels around the margin of San
Francisco Bay are evaluated, structural options for protecting
property are identified and chosen for threatened areas,
and estimates of costs of protection are determined.
Note: The original print version of this report contained
two fold-out maps. They are included in the electronic
version as reduced-size images and are available below
as full-sized PDFs.
Figure 7 Area of San Francisco Bay Threatened by a 1-meter
Sea-Level Rise: Southern Portion (PDF)
Figure 8 Area of San Francisco Bay Threatened by a 1-meter
Sea-Level Rise: Northern Portion (PDF)