Water and Conflict
Water resources have rarely, if ever, been the sole
source of violent conflict or war. But this fact has led some
international security "experts" to ignore the complex
and real relationships between water and security. In fact, there
is a long history of conflicts and tensions over water resources
and the use of water systems as weapons during war.
Our work on water and conflict helps opposing factions find
common ground and reduce conflict over resources. In recent years,
the Institute has brought together conflicting parties in Georgia,
Armenia, and Azerbaijan, Central America, and the Middle East
to explore ways of moving toward cooperation over water. In joint
projects with Oregon State University, the Institute has also
brought arms control experts together with international water
negotiators to explore tools and techniques for reaching
The Pacific Institute also continues to update our Water
and Conflict chronology, which traces the history of water
as a tool of war and conflict.
To aid those studying the role of water in conflict, the Institute maintains an on-line, searchable bibliography on water and conflict.